Native Americans

For thousands of years prior to European colonization, the rich natural resources of South Carolina were used by native Indian tribes. At least 29 distinct groups of Indians lived within what is now the state of South Carolina when the first English colony was established in 1670.
Cassique Statue at Charles Towne Landing
From the coast to the mountains, South Carolina State Parks protect some of the most important and interesting Native American sites in the state, and almost all State Parks contain remnants of the lives and culture of these native peoples.

Ancient Peoples

Walk the Spanish Mount Trail at Edisto Beach State Park that leads to the Spanish Mount Shell Midden Site. The site dates to approximately 3,000 to 4,000 years ago and features a 12-foot high circle of shells that may have been a Native American ceremonial site or a midden (trash heap).

Colonial Cooperation

The birthplace of South Carolina, Charles Towne Landing, is the site of the first permanent European settlement in the 8Carolinas where Native Americans, English, Africans and Barbadians came together to create the first successful English colony in Carolina in 1670.

Native American Day

Visit Oconee Station State Historic Site in the Blue Ridge foothills to explore what life was like for the settlers and Indians on the American frontier. The park is the site of the annual Native American Day featuring demonstrations such as pottery making, bow making and flint knapping that help visitors learn about the culture of Native Americans before European colonization.

Charles Towne Landing State Historic Site
See a Preview of the Park

Cannons boom. Muskets bark. Interpretive rangers in 17th century dress tend heirloom crops. They’re all part of Charles Towne Landing State Historic Site.

Edisto Beach State Park
An oceanfront campground on a palmetto-lined beach famed for its shelling is just one highlight of Edisto Beach State Park.

Only an hour from Charleston, the park also offers another...
Landsford Canal State Park
A broad river, rich history and rare, hardy wildflowers come together at Landsford Canal State Park.

Stretched along the Catawba River along the South Carolina fall line, the park is...
Lee State Park
NEW Online Click Tour

Nestled in a floodplain forest along the designated state scenic Lynches River, Lee State Natural Area has been serving South Carolina since it was built by...
Oconee Station State Historic Site
In the late 18th and early 19th century, a small plot of land along South Carolina’s western frontier served as a military compound against attack from the Cherokees and later...

C - E - L - O - All